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This article is about MOSQUITO control. It will explain why they are a pest and what needs to be done for controlling infestations. PLEASE NOTE: YOU CAN SEE PICTURES AND PRICING OF ALL THE PRODUCTS LISTED IN THIS ARTICLE BY CLICKING YOUR MOUSE CURSOR WHERE PRODUCTS APPEAR UNDERLINED IN THE TEXT BELOW. Most of your questions will be answered in the article. Be sure to read all of it before you call in for technical support. If you are looking for information about any other insect or animal, go to our article archive section by following the link below where you will find in depth articles and information on just about any pest. CLICK HERE TO GO TO OUR ARTICLE SELECTION PAGE Mosquitoes are a pest that are capable of ruining a great day at the park, a romantic evening on a deck or even spending time in the garden. People will do anything to avoid being bit. They will wear long pants during the summer, use hats with screen veils and even spray themselves with everything imaginable hoping that no mosquito will find them. However, mosquito population's are more active today then ever. If you enjoy the great outdoors, get used to dealing with mosquitoes. They are here to stay and this article will explain methods of control you may use to help diminish their numbers around the home. The author will not get in to great detail about all the species throughout the world. Furthermore, this article is not about diseases - specifically the West Nile Virus - nor detailed mosquito biology. There is some basic information the author will discuss but the focus of this article will be to offer control methods for all kinds of mosquitoes - regardless of species!!! There are over 150 species of mosquitoes in the United States. Some are able to fully develop from eggs in less than a week. Most take 10-14 days to reach maturity but what is important is they grow rapidly. Mosquitoes need water and high levels of moisture to sustain themselves. Although female mosquitoes may live for up to a year, most die in the season they were born. Mosquito populations are able to continue from year to year because one stage is able to overwinter and start their cycle again the next spring. It may be the adult, the pupa, the larva or the egg which is needed. Each species has different winter survivors. Some adult females don't need a blood meal to begin to reproduce. In general, male mosquitoes live a short time. Most mosquitoes lay several hundred eggs and are able to generate huge populations within a short period of time. Although standing water is the prime location for them to reproduce, there are many locations around the home that afford fertile egg laying areas. Such places include water in the bottom of planters, drainage streams, street sewers which don't drain completely, rain barrels, buckets of water, swimming pools, drain lines from rain gutters, old tires, mulch around the home, shrubs, trees, firewood, slow moving water, small decorative ponds for pet fish, bird baths, water accumulating around windows or doors, water accumulating from an automatic sprinkler system, pet water dishes, leaks around water spickets and just about anywhere water is used or is able to accumulate during the warm summer months any where in the country. Mosquitoes need water to reproduce. They will readily move to moist, shady areas under decks, around pools, in garages, in dense shrubbery or flowers, any kind of ivy, holes or nooks of trees, water in a clogged rain gutter or simply the water on a leaf of shrubs which are being watered during the hot summer months. Most people believe mosquitoes are coming from great distances to their yard in search of food. In fact, most mosquitoes migrate to a yard first and foremost because there is something about the yard which the mosquito finds attractive for living. In most cases, mosquitoes are finding a great place to live around the home and then take advantage of the free meals the homeowner or their children present when outside in the yard. Mosquitoes don't migrate far from where they will find shelter and protection from the hot sun. Shade and moisture are two ingredients needed for their survival and can be found around any home. If your home is on a lake or pond, the mosquitoes could be breeding in the water. Generally, they will do so close to shore. Don't expect to find them more than 10 feet from shore. They like shallow water and will keep themselves close to plant life and wet lands if possible. Open deep water which is moving is not the kind of water they like for reproduction. Barns or sheds are another great location for reproduction or shelter. The underside of most decks which are built close to the ground offers great shady shelter and protection for weak mosquitoes susceptible to the hot sun. It is important to locate any area around the home where mosquitoes may be seeking shelter or using for reproduction. The author has experienced a trend in recent years which will only continue. Many homeowners are creating perfect breeding and shelter conditions which are attracting mosquitoes. If you have any of the conditions described above, chances are you will have mosquitoes. Don't be placing the blame on someone else. Mosquitoes will stay where the breeding and shelter areas are best for them. If you are creating a moist shady area around your home, you will be luring mosquitoes. Once they find the shade and moisture to live, expect them to find you and your family for their food! Mosquito control is easy if you are able to determine where they are living or breeding. Inspect around your home and locate where the mosquitoes are most prevalent. Although you may believe they are coming from an adjacent lot, be sure to inspect your property thoroughly. If you have any of the sights listed above, chances are mosquitoes are taking advantage of such conditions. Another way to determine where the mosquitoes are living is to simply stand in certain areas and wait to see how long it takes for them to find you. Mosquitoes will not travel far away from where they are comfortable. The faster you have mosquitoes find you and the more that find you indicate a prime nest or shelter location which needs to be treated. Such "pockets" of mosquitoes exist around most any home and the secret of getting control of the situation is to find as many of these locations. Once found, there are several methods of treatment that can be used. Now that you have determined where to treat, you will need to choose the product best suited for your situation. Mosquito products are designed for treating different types of areas. There are five different product types. First, there are repellents. These are used for repelling mosquitoes from any treated area or from people themselves. Second, there are larvacides. These are products which kill the larva of mosquitoes as they develop. They are usually applied to water where mosquitoes are breeding. Third, there are residual products. These are insecticides which can be applied with a standard pump sprayer or a garden hose end sprayer. Applied to the surfaces where mosquitoes like to land, the residual of these materials will kill mosquitoes as they enter and land on treated surfaces. The fourth type of product used for mosquito control is to directly kill them as they fly. This can be done by aggressively fogging for them or by passively trapping and killing them. Fogging machines offer the most immediate and complete control of all options whereas the newer Mosquito Killing Systems are passive yet somewhat effective. The fifth type of mosquito control that can be employed is a relatively new approach yet one which is both easy and effective. Much like many of the new allergy medicines, there are now Mosquito Blockers. These are devices which affect mosquitoes in such a way they are not able to detect Co2 or octenol. Not being able to detect these compounds prevents them from being able to track a target. Lets examine the products in each category and decide so that you can decide which one will work best for your problem. Repelling mosquitoes have long been the most common method of trying to control local infestations. In fact, there was no real "control" going on; repellents simply push the pest to another area. Citronella, smoke and other compounds have been used over the years but all met with little if any success. However, we now have several repellents that work OK for certain types of applications. The key here is the type of repelling you are looking to achieve. Don't think you will be able to keep mosquitoes away from your yard if they are reproducing or nesting on or adjacent to your land. You don't stand much of a chance for long term repelling under these conditions (as described above). However, you can achieve some temporary relief with these products. They will help to reduce activity around your patio or picnic area so that you can better enjoy the outdoors for a picnic or summer party. MOSQUITO REPELLENT POWDER is a powdery material which can be applied over the turf and plant area where you want to keep mosquitoes away. It is easy to use, will last a week or more (under dry conditions) and poses no hazard to people or animals. In fact, it uses a high PH carrier which conditions the soil much like lime. This product offers short term relief and should not be used with the intention of "controlling" mosquito infestations. Mosquito Repellent is designed to be used right before a party or outdoor get together where a reduction in mosquito activity is desirable. Use some INSECT INCENSE directly around the area as well to aid in the results you will be able to achieve. They are pleasant smelling and non-offensive to people yet mosquitoes and other biting insects don't seem to like being around where they are burning.If you want something a little stronger, set out some of the MOSQUITO COILS. These are not the Citronella type you may have seen in the past. These are the newer formulated type which have a Synthetic Pyrethrin as the active ingredient - a known repellent to flying insects. Though there may be some which enter the perimeter defense, the Grids or Coils are then there to help prevent them from being able to find their meal! These products are great for around the home and the Grids or Coils are certainly portable enough to bring camping, but how can you repel mosquitoes when you are golfing, fishing or doing other outdoor activities? There are two other types of repellents which can help. The first one is the BUG BAND. This is worn around the wrist and like the Grids, releases a scent which actively confuses mosquitoes and prevents them from identifying you as a target. These will last many hours, can be stored for long term reuse and come in both adult and children sizes. The latest of the personal repellers which works well is the PERSONAL BITE SHIELD. This unit is made of a strong durable plastic and features a small fan which is powered by two AA batteries. The unit holds repellent cartridges which have the latest mosquito repellent, Geraniol, which is all natural. Geraniol is extracted from plants where it serves as a natural repellent plants use to keep predatory insects away. Each cartridge is snapped onto the Shield and the fan is turned on which disperses the Geraniol around the person wearing the device. It's about the size of a pager, fits on your belt or can be set on a table, ledge or other area where you are sitting. The pleasant light odor released will keep mosquitoes at bay naturally and it can even be hooked up to an external power supply. If you want something for your skin, which is the most direct way of repelling mosquitoes, consider either CITRONELLA LOTION or DEET. Both will repel mosquitoes as well as other biting insects. Citronella is not nearly as strong as the Deet and expect to apply it several times a day. Deet will last much longer and do a better job overall at keeping most any type of pest away. It comes in different strengths and flavors with the 100% form being a low odor mix. For complete control when traveling abroad or into areas where mosquitoes pose a real health risk, use some PERMETHRIN to treat clothing, gear and shoes. Permethrin is odorless, labeled for many uses and will keep mosquitoes away since it acts as a detectable repellent they don't like. It is important to understand that the products listed above are not "controlling" local infestations. They should be used when other methods of true control are not an option or if you only want some temporary relief. Repellents of today are better than ever; however, they do just that - repel. You may want to keep a jar of MOSQUITO OINTMENT handy for when you end up getting bit. This soothing treatment takes the itch away and promotes fast healing. Small enough to take out into the field and since only a little is needed, it goes a long way. Another option is to keep them off you all together when going afield. This can be done with our MOSQUITO HEAD NETS. These are lightweight and come with elastic bands. Simply pull them over your head and they will fit snug enough to keep mosquitoes off your face but loose enough so you will still be comfortable. These are an excellent item to bring along when fishing or camping and the pressure from mosquitoes or other biting pests is simply too great. The screen is pre-treated with Permethrin so it offers some repellency as well. If you want no chemicals on it simply wash it once and all the Permethrin will be gone. However, we suggest spraying it periodically with our Permethrin Aerosol featured above. This treatment will help to keep them away from you all together adding that extra protection sometimes needed. We also have four types of netting which can be used for sleeping. These include the TRACKER NETTING, the SINGLE BED NETTING, the DOUBLE BED NETTING and the CANOPY NETTING. All are made from the same light screening which lets air flow unrestricted but is sure to keep out any biting insect. All come with rope allowing you to hang them from a tree or ceiling; all are pre-treated with Permethrin. The Tracker is designed for campers. It comes with it's own storage pouch making it easy to carry along in any backpack. It won't take up a lot of space but it will certainly make the trip a lot more enjoyable. The Single Bed Netting is for just that - a single bed. Use it where windows are kept open inviting night time biting insects. The Double Bed Netting is the same look and design. It's just large enough for a double bed. The Canopy Bed Netting is the more elaborate and complete design which can be used to elegantly dress up any bed yet provide protection from flying pests. It features an entrance which overlaps which is fashionable as well as usable. Though the Tracker is best suited to go afield, any of them can be brought with you as you travel. The Single and Double Bed Netting come in a simple heavy plastic bag in which to store them when not in use; the Canopy Bed Netting comes in a white burlap bag. MOSQUITO DUNKS look like a donut and are used in water where mosquitoes are reproducing. The dunk will slowly melt away releasing thousands of bacteria which will kill mosquito larva. By killing the larva, the mosquito reproduction will stop. This has long been the approach people have used when controlling mosquito populations. The dunks are so safe they can be used in ponds, bird baths and water holding tanks without being a hazard to pets, wildlife or people. They can be used in retention ponds, catch basins for plants and drainage ditches. Use them anywhere you know that water will be held for 3 weeks or more. Because the bacteria is simply digested by mammals (which includes pets, people and wildlife), there is no hazard to this product being used in water used for drinking. If you have water which will only be available for 1-3 weeks, you can still treat with Mosquito Dunks but MOSQUITO GRANULES will probably work better. Because they release quicker, they will impact the developing mosquitoes that much faster. Mosquito Granules have a short life; you may need to treat once a week since they break down so fast. However, they are perfect for small areas such as plant catch pans, bird baths and rain barrels. Made from the same bacteria as the original dunk, Mosquito Granules are able to stop developing mosquitoes from reaching adulthood. If you want something like the Mosquito Granules but a little stronger, get the METHOPRENE GRANULES. These look like the other granules but use a growth regulator instead of just a bacteria to impact growing mosquitoes. The active ingredient in this granule is Methoprene. Long used for flea control, Methoprene will stop mosquitoes from being able to mature to reproducing adults. Since Methoprene is essentially a protein, this product is still very safe to use and is labeled for all the same areas as the other granules. However, there is no hit or miss with this product. Any mosquito larva that are in treated water won't be able to grow right or fully mature so this is great to use in ditches, free standing water, moist and wet compost or flower beds, water gardens, tree holes, roof gutters, pool covers and just about anywhere water is able to pool. The other great thing about this form is that a little goes a long way making it much more practical to use. You will have to apply it at least once a month but regular applications will prevent local activity from completing their life cycle. If you have a lot of plant life and landscape around the home that requires water throughout the growing season, chances are you will attract mosquitoes. Shrubs, annual flowers, thick Fescue and Bermuda grass or ivy all provide pockets of moisture where water can last and provide shelter for mosquitoes. As warm and hot summer months dry local wet lands, expect mosquitoes to migrate in search of moist, shady areas. Many pool owners or homes with decks and porches provide perfect conditions for mosquitoes. The shade and moist areas are what mosquitoes need to survive and you will notice populations increasing as it the hot summer sun diminishes local watering holes. Use a residual product to treat these areas. ESFENVALERATE is a great product to use when treating these areas. It is easy to apply, is labeled for use on turf, trees, shrubs and flowers and will provide residual for long term control. Mosquitoes are easy to kill. Esfenvalerate will last several weeks on treated surfaces and does very well under decks, porches and other shady areas mosquitoes are attracted to. Use a DIAL-A-MIX applicator which hooks to your garden hose to apply Esfenvalerate as it requires a lot of water. It is used at a low rate so a little bit goes a long way. You will see immediate results following the initial treatment. It is hard to say how long you can expect to be mosquito free. Every area will experience different results based on weather, moisture, wind, local breeding conditions, rain, temperature and humidity. Expect to get 1-2 weeks of protection per treatment. Dry environments can expect longer lengths of residual. Retreat as necessary. If you are going to be doing some residual spraying with the Esfenvalerate, a good idea is to add a growth regulator to the mix. This will enable you to get long term control over the areas being treated. Long used for flea control, growth regulators have now found a niche for controlling mosquitoes. Earlier in this article, the Methoprene Granules were highlighted. They use a growth regulator and are designed to be applied in water. Another growth regulator that is designed to be sprayed out is NYLAR. This product is newer then Methoprene but works much the same way. Basically it interferes with the mosquito larva's ability to grow properly so they are not able to fully develop to biting adults. Use it with the Esfenvalerate since Nylar won't kill any adults; it only works on eggs and larva stages. Though you can use a standard pump sprayer to apply the two materials, if you have larger areas to treat, the Dial-A-Mix Sprayer featured above will better serve you. Just add 1 oz of the Nylar with 1 oz of the Esfenvalerate for every 1500 sq/ft of area you want to treat and set the dial to 4 for a good spray mix. Adding the Nylar to the tank mix really makes sense and will cut down on the frequency of treatments needed by about 75%. In most cases, Esfenvalerate by itself will have to sprayed at least twice a month. When used with the Nylar, you will only have to treat once every 2 months. Combining the two products will cost more at first but in the long run will end up saving you a lot of work, a lot of time and a lot of cost. Space spraying has long been the standard way to treat for mosquitoes and may be necessary in certain areas. Since mosquitoes are able to fly, they may be coming to your yard for food and living directly alongside your land in wet, swampy conditions that offer shade and moisture. Such conditions, when large, are hard to treat with Esfenvalerate as described above. To penetrate dense foliage or to cover large areas quickly, space spraying is the preferred method of treatment. You may be able to treat small areas like this with an aerosol like PT-565XLO. This product uses pyrethrum as the active ingredient and will kill mosquitoes quickly. Spray it around decks and picnic areas to provide yourself with a few hours of relief. It is easy to use and is great for around the garden, deck, patio or back yard area. AEROSOL MACHINES are also good for small areas. They can be hung on the wall, are battery operated and can be programmed to release a blast of pyrethrin based aerosol which works well on flying insects. Use some METERED AEROSOL in these machines and they will keep most any flying pest under control. Use of these products is for small areas only. If you are treating a larger area, use an electrical fogging machine such as a FM6309. These machines are able to pump a lot of chemical over a large area in a short amount of time. They create a "fog" or "mist" which floats around plant leaves and other areas mosquitoes like to hide. This machine produces a cold fog which is adequate for most home owner applications. It is able to treat 1/4 to 1/2 acre in less than 30 minutes. (The machine will pump a gallon of material in around 12 minutes, but it takes extra time to drag the extension cord to new treatment areas.) If you have a lot of small areas to treat, you may prefer the FM6208. This fogger is a step up from the FM6309 because it has a volume control switch which allows you to adjust the rate of flow. It still uses electricity to power it, but unlike the FM6309 it has a rotation switch which can be set to off, low, medium or high. This can be a real help for two reasons. First, you are able to turn it keep it low when treating around the home and you only need a light mist. Such treatments can be tough with the FM6309 because it only fogs at one speed - high! When you try to treat alongside a structure, the fog is so strong it will bounce off the building and come back at you. If you have to do a lot of this type of fogging, get the FM6208. It not only lets you turn it down for these types of delicate applications but the rotating switch will let you turn it to off. Though the machine is still on and trying to fog, it will quickly run dry. This is handy if you are interrupted during treatment. Simply turn the switch to off and let the fogger use up what's in it's system. Now you can store it for a few days without worrying about the insides getting clogged. Two other models you may want to consider are the FM7807 and the MINI FOGGER. The FM7807 features the same controls as the FM6208 but also has a long extension. This extension is great for reaching high, under and around things which other machines have difficulty covering. The FM7807 also features a quick on/off control on the wand; great for when you need precise control of flow. The Mini Fogger is basically a compact version designed for the person who has only a very small area to treat. It can cover areas from 2500-5000 sq/ft very well. It uses electricity, has a volume control and a quart holding tank. Great for the condo or townhouse owner who has a small area to treat. All these foggers are great for jobs around the home but they do require electricity and are not nearly as portable as the BACKPACK FOGGER. This device has over a two gallon tank and is gas powered. Perfect for those large jobs where electricity is not available. Simply fill up the holding tank, make sure you have enough gas in the tank and you can go wherever the mosquitoes may be hiding! Great for property where being free from electric cords is necessary or if you have a lot of areas to treat on a regular basis but need to move from one point to another as you treat. Once you decide on which type of fogger will fits your needs, you will have to get some chemical. Use water as the carrier for the tank mix and try to reach as much as the shady, undercover where mosquitoes tend to hide. Though products like Malathion have been used over the years for such applications, you will achieve better results with Pyrethrum and Permethrin and they have little if any odor. PYRETHRUM is natures own pesticide and is very active on mosquitoes. It will kill adults on contact and works on many other flying insects as well. As good as Pyrethrum is, it will not provide any residual. Mix PERMETRHIN in the tank for better results. Permethrin does not provide the quick kill like Pyrethrum but it does last from 1-2 weeks. This will prove helpful when treating large areas. The residual will help to stop the mosquitoes from reproducing or from providing shelter to wanderers that like the moist shady shelter a large wooded area adjacent to your home may provide. The one-two punch of pyrethrum and permethrin will kill existing populations of mosquitoes in hard to treat vegetation and keep new infestations from being able to form. And though this combination is hard to beat, the addition of some NYLAR to the mix could help cut down on the frequency of treatments needed throughout the season. As explained above, Nylar works on eggs and larval stages of mosquitoes and by doing so will prevent their young from reaching maturity. This "breaking of the "cycle" means that fewer treatments will be needed over the course of the season and by having this impact, the amount of time and chemical used should be decreased as well. If you have larger areas to fog than an acre, you should consider moving up to a thermal fogger. Thermal foggers are "hot"; that is, they heat the chemical before it is released. This type of fog is lighter and comprised of smaller sized particles than that of a cold fog. Thermal foggers are more thorough during application and require an oil based formulation instead of water. The fog will stay in the air longer and penetrate more providing better performance than fogs created by electric machines. However, there are some tradeoff for this better performance. First, machines are costly. Don't waste you time with $100.00 to $200.00 units found at some hardware stores. These devices will create some fog, but the flow is so weak and slow you are better off using the PT-565XLO listed above. If you have anything larger than a few thousand feet to treat, these cheap machines are just not able to do the job adequately. If you have a large area that you want to keep mosquito free, invest your money with a machine that will do the job. The GE THERMAL FOGGER is gas powered, electric start and lightweight. It can be carried easily to treat large areas or you can let it run out the back of your ATV or truck as you drive through the property you are treating. This machine will create a fog which is light, penetrating and very effective for mosquito control. Be sure to use the proper material when fogging to achieve the best results. Oil based PYRETHRUM or SYNTHETIC PYRETHRUM are needed. These formulations will provide quick knockdown of existing populations and you can add some Permethrin to the mix as detailed above to get extra residual. If you intend on doing a lot of fogging, you should consider getting our DEODORIZED OIL in bulk form and then adding Pyrethrum and Permethrin to the mix. This will prove to be the most economical formulation available when treating large areas many times during the season. Like fogging with electric foggers you may need to treat twice a week to get control of bad problem areas, but once you knock down the local population you will probably only have to treat once every week or two. Another option that needs to be mentioned is the installation of a Mosquito Killing Machine. There are several being made these days and most any retailer has one style or another. These machines all use some type of attractant to lure mosquitoes to them. It could be CO2, heat, moisture or something else that biting insects find attractive. Once lured to the device, most have a mechanism that will somehow either kill or remove the pest. The goal of these machines is to remove as many pests as possible in your yard. Though most will kill a lot of insects, it is not likely that any will adequately remove enough to have the desired result. We have carried many different such devices over the years and though several have proven to do a good job of killing mosquitoes, none have proven to keep a designated outside area mosquito free. Since these applications only kill adults and do nothing to address the reproduction sites, larval stages and other key components of the mosquitoes life cycle, they don't have nearly enough of an impact to warrant implementation. Since most people purchase these units with the hopes that they won't get bit anymore, we have decided to drop all but one model at this time. The model we continue to carry is mostly designed for inside applications but can be used for small decks, enclosed patios or screened in rooms. Such areas usually only have a few flying insect problems and this machine will do a good job of killing off any biting pests which may be around. For larger areas, use one of our foggers or liquid materials for the best control. But if you have a room or two in the home which seems to get a lot of mosquitoes or other biting pests, install one of our INDOOR MOSQUITO TRAPS. It has several attractants that do a good job of attracting local mosquitoes and can handle small confined areas well. Don't get it with the hopes that you will never see another mosquito or biting pest; such results are not likely. However, they will help and general rule when treating for mosquitoes is that the more materials being used, the better. Another type of trap which is relatively new but will prove to be quite helpful when dealing with mosquitoes is called the MOSQUITO PHEROMONE TRAP. This trap is made of a small plastic jar which is about 1/2 gallon in size. The jar is filled with one quart of water and some "vegetation tablets". These tablets are basically plants which have been freeze dried and once mixed with water will convert back to their old decaying natural state. Such areas female mosquitoes will seek out as good egg laying locations.Be sure to used distilled water or let a quart of water sit overnight so the chlorine level dissipates. Chlorine will disrupt the natural decaying process and prevent certain odors from releasing. This will interfere with the mosquitoes ability to find the trap. Add the water to the jar along with the pellets and then about 3 drops of dish detergent. The jar has a small tube that runs through its middle which serves as an entrance as well as a holding area for a EGG LAYING PHEROMONE which is then set out with the trap. Be careful not to touch the pheromone; human scent, natural oil from our fingers or some other contaminate will erode its effectiveness. The pheromone is a scent which mosquitoes naturally release in the wild when they find a good egg laying location. This "locator pheromone" is then smelled by local mosquitoes ready to lay eggs and will attract them inside. Once inside, they will attempt to land on the water. At that point, the detergent which was added to the tank will cause them to sink into the water and drown! This will happen over and over during the course of the season which can have an astounding impact on local populations. Try to place out 2-4 traps for the average yard; about 6 per 1/2 acre. The pheromone should be replaced every month and be sure the water level does not drop too low during the hot and dry season. Also, be sure to keep Traps along property borders or where people won't be active; preferably in moist shady areas. You can also equip yourself with a HAND HELD ZAPPER. This is really handy when dealing with mosquitoes which are sometimes hard to swat. Simply wave the Zapper where the mosquito is flying in a gentle manner and once it makes contact with the Zappers grid it will be dead. Don't try to swat them, this Zapper is not designed for such use. However, it is a great tool to keep at your side when mosquitoes are in the area and you want an easy and clean way to kill them. And since mosquito's are so slow when flying, you can even catch them with our BUG VACUUM/ZAPPER cordless tool. This device is generally best for crawling insects but works well for mosquitoes and just about any flying pest which likes to land on walls, windows or ceilings. Though effective at killing many mosquitoes, don't be lured into using these devices because it is so easy to install and operate. It is another tool and when dealing with mosquitoes, the best approach is to incorporate as many tools as is needed. You will get much better results if you treat property with Esfenvalerate or Fog and install a Mosquito Killer. The final method of keeping mosquitoes away can be done with a Mosquito Blocker. This is relatively new technology but the logic behind it makes a lot of sense. It's kind of like the new allergy medicines. Most allergy medicine is designed to deal with the symptoms of the allergy - the itchy eyes, running nose and congestion. Newer medications are histamine blockers which essentially block the uncomfortable symptoms of having allergies. You still have the allergy - just not the symptom. This approach is very effective, relatively easy to administer and tends to be healthier in the long run. The same is true for the Mosquito Blockers. These devices are small plastic machines which run on 2 AA batteries. They will operate at least 720 hours and are used to power a small fan. The fan blows out a product called Conceal. This is not a pesticide. Conceal is comprised of plant oils and other natural ingredients which bind to insect olfactory sensors. The impact of Conceal is that mosquitoes and several other biting insects are not able to detect Co2 or octenol - two gases which people (mammals) exhale all the time. By not being able to detect the presence of Co2 or octenol mosquitoes further than 30 feet away will not be able to track your presence. You will become invisible to them. Remember, mosquitoes have a limited range of sight. It is probably not more than 15-20 feet and certainly not more than 30 feet. Mosquitoes which are not able to see any targets will then begin to trail or track their prey by detecting Co2 and octenol. As they fly around they are constantly hoping to find some of these gases in the air. Any breeze will carry your exhaled breath several hundred feet and mosquitoes along this path will be able to trace it back to it's source - YOU! By installing a MOSQUITO BLOCKER about 10-20 feet downwind of where you are sitting, the Conceal will be carried with your exhaled gases. As mosquitoes cross this path they will be affected by the Conceal in such a way that they will not be able to detect the Co2 or octenol. These units work best when there is a slight breeze. Simply place a unit close by, downwind, and go about your activities. You won't even know it is there after a few days. It's perfect for the front porch, decks, sitting areas out in the yard, pool or pond and is completely portable. Just remember to bring it back inside and to keep a fresh supply of CONCEAL in it to enable to work properly. If there is no wind or breeze present, you will probably need to locate two or three machines around you. Remember, the more the better. If there is no real direction to the way the air is moving then try to keep one on any side mosquitoes can approach. This may mean having 2,3 or even 4 machines. As a general rule you need to have more machines as the number of people increases as well. This is due to the increase of gases being released. The Mosquito Blockers are an excellent tool which can be set out easily and will help provide additional relief from the pressure local mosquitoes will apply. When used in conjunction with Mosquito Killers or Foggers you can really reduce the amount of bites you, family and friends have to endure. Mosquitoes have long been an enemy of man and our lifestyle. To enjoy the great outdoors, you must first learn why they are attracted to your land. Once shelter and breeding locations have been identified, choose the best approach to stopping them. Though the Bug Bands and Deet will help if you are out in the field, treatments with our Repellent Granules, Dunks, Esfenvalerate or Fogging Compounds will be necessary for complete and pest free areas around the home. Be sure to get enough "machine" when fogging so the time you spend treating will be minimal and the time you are able to enjoy the great outdoors is maximized. Set out some Blockers for added protection and you just might be able to enjoy the great outdoors once again! To see any of the products listed above, click on their name as it appears in a different color or underlined. The link will bring you to our product catalog where you will be able to see the product and learn more about it. You can also link to our product catalog below. Check out the rest of our catalog and make sure to keep us bookmarked! We've got the products for whatever is bugging you! CLICK HERE TO GO TO OUR MOSQUITO PRODUCTS CLICK HERE TO GO TO OUR PRODUCT SELECTION PAGE CLICK HERE TO GO BACK TO OUR ARTICLE SELECTION PAGE CLICK HERE TO GO TO OUR MAIN PAGE Our toll free number is 1-800-877-7290. E-Mail us at All articles copy righted by U-Spray, Inc. 4653 Highway 78 Lilburn, Georgia 30047 Phone: (770)985-9388 Fax: (770)985-9319 Toll Free: 1-800-877-7290 url: